WHO WAS MALCOLM X?
Malcolm X (May, 19, 1925 February 21, 1965) was a prominent African American Muslim minister and activist during the Civil Rights
Movement. His advocacy for the Nation of Islam and Black nationalism has paved the way for societal progress to occur in the early 1960s.
Malcolm X was 6 years old when his father died after being hit by a
streetcar, and his mother later was committed to an insane asylum,
causing Malcolm and his siblings to be sent into foster homes. Years later, while in prison, Malcolm X underwent a conversion that led to him joining the Nation of Islam, an African American movement that combined elements of Islam with Black nationalism. After joining the movement, he replaced his original surname "Little," with an "X," which is a custom among Nation of Islam followers whose family names
originated from white slaveholders.
CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
During the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s, Malcolm X utilized his
public speaking capabilities to preach about Black nationalism and
the Nation of Islam, He was critical of some of Marin Luther King.Jr's
ideas about the integration of racial groups and use of nonviolence when
practicing civil disobedience For Malcolm, he was concerned with issue of Black identity, integrity, and independence in a country that perpetuated white supremacy. Often deemed as having "too radical" viewpoints, numerous history textbooks fail to accurately educate students about the work of Malcolm X and his activist efforts.
THE DEATH OF MALCOLM X AND THE BLACK POWER MOVEMENT
Due to growing tensions between Malcolm and the Nation of Islam, on February 21, 1965, Malcolm X was assassinated while lecturing in Harlem by members of the Nation. His death largely contributed to
the development of Black nationalist ideology, and the Black Power movement. The Black Power movement flourished in the late 1960's and 70's and argued that Black Americans should focus on creating their own economic, social and political power rather than seeking integration and reliance upon the white-dominated society.
ULTIMATELY MALCOLM X'S WORK AS AN ACTIVIST LEADER
AND REVOLUTIONARY HAS LARGELY SHAPED U.S. HISTORY.
The work of Malcolm X should be taught in tandem with Martin Luther King Ir's and he should received the recognition he deserves within U.S. textbooks and curriculum.
"I believe that there will ultimately be a clash between the oppressed
and those that do the oppressing: believe that there will be a clash
between those who want freedom justice and equality for everyone and those who want to continue the systems of exploitation.
~ Malcolm X