On January 1st, 1804, St. Domingue declared its independence from France
On January 1st, 1804, St. Domingue declared its independence from France and formed the Republic of Haiti.
On the heels of the American Revolution, and with the concurrent French Revolution, the Haitian Revolution successfully ended French colonialism as well as slavery on the island, following a twelve year war.
It marked the first time a nation was founded by former slaves, and the second nation in the New World.
Toussaint Louverture and Jean-Jacques Dessalines were central figures in Haiti's fight for independence.
The Battle of Vertières proved to be a decisive win against Napoleon's troops, and a few weeks later, Dessalines proclaimed Haiti's independence.