Breast Cancer occurs when your healthy cells begin to change at a rapid paste and grow out of control into a tumor. Tumors are an abnormal mass of tissue that forms when cells grow and divide more than they should or do not die when they should. Tumors can begin in different sides of the breast, for example the glands that create breast milk, the ducts that carry the milk to the nipple or other tissue regions. The increased risk of developing breast cancer can happen if there’s a family history of breast cancer including inherited gene mutation. A gene mutation is a change in one or more genes. Some mutations can lead to genetic disorders or illnesses.
Breast Cancer can occur in Women and rarely in Men. Over time more than 200,000 reported cases of breast cancer have been found in Women in the United States Of America. Just alone in 2020 over 2.3 million women were diagnosed with Breast Cancer and over 685,000 women died from breast cancer globally. As the year ended in 2020, there were over 7.8 million women who were once diagnosed with cancer 5 years ago alive. Making it the world's most prevalent Cancer.
Breast Cancer Occurs in Every Country of the world in Women at any age after puberty but with increasing rates later in life. Breast Cancer mortality changed from the 1930s through the 1970s. Improvements in surviving Breast Cancer began in the 1980s in countries with early detection programs combined with many different modes of treatment for this disease.
Breast Cancer is not a transmissible disease meaning it’s not capable of being passed on. Although cancer itself is not contagious, there are some germs that can play a role in the development of certain types of cancer. This may lead some people to wrongly think that “cancer is catching.” Bacterial infections have not been considered a minor cause of cancer. However in recent studies bacteria have been linked to cancer by two mechanisms, which are induction of chronic inflammation
and production of carcinogenic bacterial metabolites. The most known example of the inflammatory mechanisms of carcinogénesis is Helicobacter pylori infection.
Breast Cancer Signs and Symptoms: Knowing how your breast normally looks and feels is an important part of your breast health. Having a regular screen for breast cancer is important because it means you know what your breast normally looks and feels like. The MOST common symptoms of breast cancer is a new lump or a mass. Although most lumps aren’t cancerous it’s important to see a doctor and get them checked out. A painless, hard mass that has irregular edges is more likely to be cancer, but breast cancers can be also soft, round, tender, or even painful. Some other possible symptoms of breast cancer include:
• Swelling of all or part of a breast (even if no
lump is felt)
• Skin dimpling (sometimes looking like an orange
•Breast or nipple pain
•Nipple retraction (turning inward)
•Nipple or breast skin that is red, dry, flaking, or
•Nipple discharge (other than breast milk)
•Swollen lymph nodes under the arm or near
the collar bone (Sometimes this can be a sign of
breast cancer spread even before the original
the tumor in the breast is large.)
Many of these symptoms can be caused by non cancerous breast conditions. But it is always important if you feel any of these symptoms to go get them checked out and it is always important if you don’t have any of these symptoms to always get breast screening to know and feel how your breasts are.
Currently there is no cure for Breast Cancer, but new treatments have improved survival rates in recent years. Researchers have gained a better
understanding of the molecular and genetic characteristics of breast cancer. Improved understanding of breast cancer may help experts develop more personalized treatment plans for people with this condition. Breast cancer isn't one single disease. There are many different types of breast cancer with different causes and treatments. Breast cancer can be highly treatable in early stages before it gets the chance to spread to other parts of the body. The spreading of breast cancer to other parts of the body is known as metastatic breast cancer.
Every year from October 1st to October 31st the month is dedicated to Breast Cancer Awareness where findings are made to help women with breast cancer pay for treatment etc. The month also acknowledged the women who overcame breast cancer and the women who live were taken by breast cancer. Each day of the month celebrates the strength, power, courage, and bravery of women who had breast cancer, have breast cancer or have passed with breast cancer. Many Fundraisers go fund me pages and donation sites have been made to support these Women. Down below are a few sites you can visit to help scientists find medicine, women pay for their treatment and etc.