March 6 of 2022 marks the day that Ghana, a country in West Africa received its independence. Ghana, formerly the Gold Coast, is the first country south of the Sahara to gain Independence on 6th March 1957. The feat also inspired other African countries to fight for Independence. 64 years on, we celebrate the day through many ways of culture and traditional celebrations.
Before the arrival of Europeans, Ghana was the location of the Ashanti, a powerful tribe in the region. The area had a great amount of natural resources such as gold and ivory, which attracted the attention of colonists. While the Portuguese had been the first to establish a settlement in the region, the attractiveness of the local riches led to a struggle for control between many European nations. In 1874, Britain took control over parts of the country, naming them the British Gold Coast. Weakened by the efforts of World War II, Britain had begun the process of reducing its colonies around the world, including those Africa. This desire was matched by a rising call for independence in the Gold Coast. In 1947, the United Gold Coast Convention called for "self-government within the shortest possible time" following the Gold Coast legislative elections. In 1951, Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah won a majority in the Gold Coast legislative election. Then in 1952, Nkrumah was appointed the leader of the Gold Coast government.
The Gold Coast region declared its independence from the United Kingdom on March 6th 1957 and established the nation of Ghana. Further more, Nkrumah went on to become the first Prime Minister of Ghana and this country was the first sub-Saharan African country to achieve independence, on March 6th 1957. The day is celebrated in public office with carnivals, parades, and other events. Private citizens celebrate the day with music and food, and some may even hoist the national flag at home.
Overall, Ghana Independence Day is significant for the reason that it teaches us the country's history, it is an opportunity to try something new like trying the cuisine or listening to the music, and it was a huge landmark day in African history that encouraged other African countries to continue fighting for their own freedom.