Mumtaz Mahal, the inspiration behind a wonder of the world
Mumtaz Mahal (née Arjumand Banu) died on June 17th in 1631.
Banu was born to Persian nobility in 1593, and was betrothed in 1607 to Prince Khurram, later known as Emperor Shah Jahan. Though the Prince had two other wives, they both paled in comparison to Arjumand Banu, whom the Prince nicknamed Mumtaz Mahal, or the Chosen One of the Palace.
The Empress consort of the Mughal Empire died in childbirth while delivering her fourteenth child, at the age of 38.
The Emperor's undying love for his cherished wife inspired him to commission the Taj Mahal, a white marble mausoleum dedicated to her memory. Construction lasted from 1632 to about 1648, and features influences from Indian, Islamic, and Persian art.