Vincent Willem van Gogh was born in the Netherlands in 1853
Vincent Willem van Gogh
Vincent Willem van Gogh was born in the Netherlands in 1853.
One of the most influential and prolific figures of Post-Impressionistic art, he only sold one painting in his lifetime, and gained tremendous success posthumously.
Van Gogh worked as an art dealer, which he greatly enjoyed at first, until he took up issue with the treatment of art as a commodity. A few years later, he grew increasingly religious and spent some time in a Belgian monastery.
Upon returning to his family home in the Netherlands, his father wanted to commit him to a lunatic asylum. Vincent's younger brother Theo encouraged him to take up art, and enroll at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels, which he did in 1880.
His early works have a somber color scheme, quite different from what he's come to be known for. His first important work, "The Potato Eaters" (1885) is representative of the daily scenes that he encountered and would put to paper.
Following his brother's advice again, van Gogh moved to Paris where he met Pissaro, Gauguin, and Monet, who helped him with his brushstroke technique, and to bring out the colors we now associate to van Gogh.
Van Gogh suffered from mental illness, and after seeking medical treatment during his stay in the south of France, he took his own life at the age of 37.
His studies on daily scenes, still life, self-portraits, and nature (cypresses, sunflowers, fields, olive trees), and the application of vivid color, emotion, and expression have solidified his position as an influencer of modern art.