The famous Treaty of Versailles came into effect on this day, in 1920.
The agreement, signed between Germany and the four Allied Powers (France, Italy, the U.K., and the U.S.), ended World War I.
Signed on June 28, 1919, exactly five years after the event that started the war (the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo), the signatories agreed to end the four-year conflict that was fought in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.
The ceasefire was agreed to much earlier, on Armistice Day, on November 11th, 1918, but peace being a fragile notion, it took months of negotiations (the Paris Peace Accords) to realize.
This also marked the official founding of the League of Nations (also on this day), whose mission was to ensure world peace. As it applies here, this was to be regulated by maintaining collective security through disarmament, and conflict resolution through negotiations and arbitration.
The treaty was quite controversial because of its punitive content.
As a result, the world map was significantly redrawn as permanent and temporary territorial changes took place.
|| "This war, like the next war, is a war to end war," David Lloyd George, British politician and part of the Big Four. ||