The first French referendum on the right to self-determination of Algeria took place on this day, in 1961.
The referendum read: "Do you approve the bill submitted to the French people by the President of the Republic and concerning the self-determination of the populations of Algeria and the organization of the public authorities in Algeria prior to self-determination?" Algeria had the largest French population in any of the country's colonies, though Algeria was a department (much like DOM-TOM, France's overseas department and territories). The French agreed to grant independence to all of their colonies in Africa, in order to focus their efforts and hold on to Algeria.
The Algerian War for independence started on November 1st, 1954.
Charles de Gaulle was voted into the French presidential office in 1958 and immediately asked with bringing order to the French colonies.
After over 130 years of occupation, independence was officially proclaimed on July 5th, 1962, following the Évian Accords in March, a referendum by the French electorate in April, and a second referendum in Algeria in July.
An overwhelming majority both in France and Algeria voted in favor of granting Algeria its independence.
Above, an image of the Maqam E'chahid in Algérie - Martyrs' Memorial - which commemorates the Algerian War for independence. "Révolution par le peuple et pour le peuple" / "Revolution by the people and for the people." 🇩🇿