On this day in 1886, German engineer Karl Benz applied for a patent for his Benz Patent-Motorwagen, considered to be the world's first automobile.
The Motorcar was built in 1885, and differed from a horseless carriage or motorized stage coach as its wheels were made of wire instead of wood, and the vehicle generated its own power, using an engine which Benz designed himself, transferring power through roller chains to connect the rear axle. The engine laid in the back of the three-wheeled auto.
The Patent-Motorwagen was perfected with further iterations of the model, and Bertha Benz, Karl's wife, was instrumental in financing, designing, and publicizing the vehicle. She successfully drove the third version on the first ever long-distance automobile journey.